Douglas Baer is Professor Emeritus in the Faculty of Social Science at the University of Victoria, Canada. He has previously held tenured positions at Western University and the University of Windsor in Canada. His PhD is from the University of Waterloo, Canada. He is a former President of the Canadian Sociological Association. Before his retirement in 2019, Prof. Baer was the Academic Director of the Branch Statistics Canada Research Data Centre at the University of Victoria. He has taught structural equation models at the Inter-University Consortium for Political and Social Research Summer Program in Quantitative Methods in Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA for over 25 years and has also delivered workshops on this topic and on other topics (for example, multilevel models) at universities and government agencies in Canada, the U.S. and Germany. His substantive research interests and areas of publication include voluntary associations and civic engagement, immigrant adaptation and social/economic integration, political belief systems, comparative social values, and social inequality.